Trixie Deckert Hennig is the author of the hEarItAbility series of books which teach musicians to play by ear using an innovative “Eyes and Ears” approach. We invited her to tell us a bit about this new approach and share some tips on ear training and learning to play music by ear.
First of all, could you tell us a bit about yourself, and your musical background?
I started studying piano at the age of seven, eventually obtaining an Associate degree with Conservatory Canada (then, the Western Board of Music) studying with Maria Thompson, Eva Thompson, Diane Ferguson and Alexandra Munn, a Bachelor of Arts Honours degree from the University of Alberta studying with Marek Jablonski and Haley Simons and an Education degree from Concordia University College (Edmonton).
I enjoyed many successful festival performances, accompanying choirs, playing as an orchestral pianist for musicals and playing for church. I began teaching at the age of 14 and have enjoyed exposing many students (young and old!) to the world of music and piano. I have taught in the classroom and as school music specialist from Kindergarten to Grade 12. My goal is to have fun while working toward quality performances!
Currently, I teach private and group lessons, help organize a local piano festival and play for various local activities (church services, weddings, funerals), as I raise our three young children (ages 6, 4 and 1).
So tell us: why is learning music by ear important to musicians today?
Part of the joy of learning to play an instrument is the act of playing! To sit down and just enjoy time with your instrument, separate from practice, is part of the reward for learning.
Those who do not develop the skills to play by ear are left relying on printed music and the process of memorizing someone else’s ideas. One who develops the ability to play by ear is free to “noodle around”, find their way on the keys, reproduce that which is familiar, memorize much more efficiently (when desired) and generally, be able to play for anyone, anywhere, anytime!
Those who do not develop the skills to play by ear are left relying on printed music and the process of memorizing someone else’s ideas.
One who develops the ability to play by ear is free
Today’s musicians need to adapt to an eclectic range of musical styles and be able to create for survival! Many students love to play what is familiar to them and what better avenue than by ear! For musicians to succeed in today’s musical diversity, one must be prepared to play everything from Bach to Beethoven to country to folk to pop and everything in between, including composing and improvising.
Musicians who have well developed ears are in a far better position to succeed and enjoy music! Their musical instincts are heightened and their confidence to try things out and take risks is definitely increased.
There are four phrases I like to use to describe “hEarItAbility”:
- Play It – Write It
- Explore It – Explain It
- Hear It – See It
- Sound it out!
Traditional piano instruction focuses a good amount of time on the visual aspect of music (with the exception of jazz piano). Most students are given printed materials to learn from and play, with most of the work focused on reproducing what is seen – and getting it right. However, music is a language of sound.
With “hEarItAbility”, student encounters at the keyboard are focused on the sounds produced and organizing them into something recognizable through a “trial and error” model. All concepts are explored at the the keyboard and put into the context of music and only then identified, labelled and notated.
The hEarItAbility books unfold in two parts: Ears and Eyes.
In the Ears section, lyrics are provided for each song in addition to a visual presentation of the initial pitch and keys used. Students then use this as the springboard for figuring out the given song, discerning melodic contours as they go (up, down, same – close, far – step, leap). After mastering the melodies, students are encouraged to add bass notes, simple intervals and chords.
In the Eyes section, students are encouraged to write what they have discovered using letter names for keyboard recognition, traditional pitch notation, rhythm and chord symbols. Extension activities are provided to further enhance the musical experience.
As a student, I did not have a good ear. I struggled to notate what I heard, couldn’t hear intervals accurately, never attempted to even play “Happy Birthday” by ear and never was able to play when asked, unless I had my book!
In my early 20s, as contemporary music grew in my church and my cousins had little kids that I wanted to play nursery tunes for, I realized that I desired to “play by ear”. I thought “I’ve studied all these years. I really should be able to figure this out!”
And so began my self-guided adventure, after 13 years of traditional lessons. hEarItAbility has worked successfully with young beginners, advanced students who never thought they could play by ear, adults (beginners or experienced), ADHD students, Autistic students, extremely bright students, those with a natural ear, those without, even my neighbour who proclaims she can’t carry a tune and just fiddled around with it without any guidance!
I think the perception is that you either play by ear or you don’t, instead of realizing that it is a learned skill.
I really don’t know. We get so wrapped into what is expected and what we are accustomed to that we don’t pause for a really serious look at ou